Street terms for Khat: (pronounced Cot):
Abyssinian tea, African salad, oat, kat, chat, and catha.i Also referred to as qat in Yemen, tschat in Ethiopia, and miraa in Kenya
What does Khat look like?
|Khat is a flowering evergreen shrub native to East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.|
|Khat that is sold and abused is usually just the leaves, twigs, and shoots of the Khat shrub.|
How is Khat used?
|Khat is typically chewed like tobacco.|
|The fresh leaves, twigs, and shoots of the Khat shrub are chewed, and then retained in the cheek and chewed intermittently to release the active drug.|
|Dried plant material can be made into tea or a chewable paste.|
|Khat can also be smoked and even sprinkled on food.|
What are some consequences of Khat use?
|Common side effects include anorexia, tachycardia, hypertension, insomnia, and gastric disorders.|
|Chronic Khat abuse can result in symptoms such as physical exhaustion, violence, and suicidal depression.|
|Widespread frequent use of Khat impacts productivity because it tends to reduce worker motivation.|
|Khat can induce manic behaviors, hyperactivity, and hallucinations.|
|There are reports of Khat-induced psychosis.|
Who uses Khat?
|The use of Khat is an established cultural tradition for many social situations in the areas of primary cultivation: East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.|
|Several million people may currently be using Khat worldwide.|
|The largest concentrations of users are in the regions surrounding the Middle East.|
How does Khat get to the United States?
|Khat, while illegal in the United States, is legal in much of Europe, East Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula.|
|Individuals of East African and Middle Eastern descent are mot often responsible for the importation, distribution, possession, and use of Khat in the United States.|
|Khat is usually shipped already packaged in bundles, and wrapped in plastic bags or banana leaves to retain moisture and freshness.|
|Khat is generally smuggled in passenger luggage, overnight express mail, or shipped as air cargo and falsely labeled as "vegetables."|
How much does Khat cost?
|Exactly prices are not known, but Khat is a relatively costly drug.|